Cisgender: someone who identifies with the sex they were assigned at birth.
FTM: female to male.
Gender: the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women (World Health Organization).
Gender expression: External manifestation of one’s gender identity, usually expressed through “masculine,” “feminine” or gender-variant behavior, clothing, haircut, voice or body characteristics (GLAAD Media Reference Guide).
Gender identity: One’s internal, personal sense of being a man or a woman (or a boy or a girl). For transgender people, their birth-assigned sex and their own internal sense of gender identity do not match (GLAAD Media Reference Guide).
Genderqueer: an umbrella term covering non-normative gender identity and gender expression (nonbinary.org).
MTF: male to female.
Transgender: the umbrella term used to describe a person who does not conform to traditional gender norms.
Transman: a man with a female assigned sex at birth, who identifies as male. Transmen do not have to medically transition to be transmen – being a transman is about identity, not medical transition.
Transsexual: a term usually used to describe someone who is medically transitioning, although not all transgender people who medically transition identify with this term.
Transwoman: a woman with a male assigned sex at birth, who identifies as female. Transwomen do not have to to medically transition to be transwomen – being a transwoman is about identity, not medical transition.
Sex: the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women (World Health Organization).
Sexual orientation: an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to men, women, or both sexes (American Psychological Association).